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09 March 2016
“Ethnic cleansing” is shockingly popular in Israel: Almost half of Israeli Jews want to kick out Arabs — Pew study
No diversity, multiculturalism, tolerance, and inclusion for the Chosen
Almost half of Jewish citizens of Israel want to kick Arab citizens out, according to a new study by leading polling agency the Pew Research Center.
When asked whether “Arabs should be expelled or transferred from Israel,” 48 percent of Jewish Israelis said they strongly agreed or agreed. On average, the more religious the person was, the more they supporting expelling Arabs.
British newspaper The Independent interpreted this to mean that there is widespread support for ethnic cleansing in Israel, according to the definition in the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Pew study does not indicate what means would hypothetically be used to expel or transfer Arab Israelis, but the International Court of Justice defines ethnic cleansing as “rendering an area ethnically homogeneous by using force or intimidation to remove persons of given groups from the area.”
The responses to the question differed very clearly on ideological lines. The more conservative someone was, the more likely they were to believe that Arabs should be removed from Israel; the more progressive, the less likely.
Almost three-fourths (72 percent) of Jewish Israelis who identified as right-wing (which is 37 percent of the Jewish Israeli population) supported expelling Arab Israelis, along with 37 of Jewish Israelis who identified as centrist (55 percent of the Jewish Israeli population) and 10 percent of Jewish Israelis who identified as left-wing (8 percent of the Jewish Israeli population).
These results may appear shocking today, but Indigenous Arabs were in fact already ethnically cleansed in the 1947 to 1948 war that established the state of Israel. Palestinians call this violent expulsion the Nakba (the “catastrophe” in Arabic).
As Salon has previously reported, the Zionist militias that founded Israel ethnically cleansed large portions of historic Palestine, sacking hundreds of Palestinian villages and expelling roughly two-thirds of the Palestinian population at the time, more than 750,000 people.
Renowned Israeli historian Ilan Pappé has documented how, in Israel’s Plan D (also known as Plan Dalet), “veteran Zionist leaders” created “a plan for the ethnic cleansing of Palestine,” ordering soldiers to forcibly evict Palestinians with intimidation, siege, bombardment, fire, demolition and mines.
Still today, Israeli Arabs already endure enormous and structural discrimination. The Israeli human rights organization Adalah has documented more than 50 laws “that directly or indirectly discriminate against Palestinian citizens of Israel in all areas of life.”
Although the widespread support for expelling Israeli Arabs is perhaps the most shocking finding, the extensive new Pew study reveals more about the polarization and extremism in Israeli politics.
Pew found that 79 percent of Jewish Israelis think the government should give Jews preferential treatment.
Three-fourths (76 percent) of Israeli Jews said it is possible for Israel to simultaneously be both a democracy and a Jewish state. Roughly two-thirds (64 percent) of Israeli Arabs, on the other hand, said Israel cannot be both democratic and based on a religion or ethnicity.
The study found that 79 percent of Israeli Arabs say there is a lot of discrimination in Israeli society against Muslims. Roughly three-fourths (74 percent) of Israeli Jews, on the other hand, insisted Muslims do not face much discrimination.
Israeli society is incredibly religiously segregated, the poll also revealed. It found that 98 percent of Jews, 86 percent of Christians, 85 percent of Muslims and 83 percent of Druze say all or most of their close friends share the same religion.
The study indicates that hard-line, extreme positions are becoming increasingly common in Israeli politics. Israel has illegally occupied the Palestinian West Bank since 1967, and Pew found that the illegal settlements Israel has gradually expanded in the decades since are becoming more and more popular among Israeli Jews. The study also revealed how belief in the possibility of a two-state solution is decreasing overall among Israeli Arabs.
Pew’s latest research appears to bolster what many prominent Israel-Palestine analysts have long argued: the possibility of a two-state solution, with an independent Palestinian state, has died. Even humdrum moderate Thomas Friedman has admitted that a one-state solution is inevitable. The question that remains is which kind: a religious, sectarian, apartheid state; or a secular, democratic, binational one?
An Israeli leader wants to put Jerusalem’s Arabs on the other side of new walls
JERUSALEM — Saying he wants to save Jewish lives, the leader of the Israeli opposition is proposing to divide Jerusalem with more high walls and checkpoints, effectively banishing 200,000 Palestinian residents from the city.
The proposal by Isaac Herzog, formally adopted last month by the Labor Party, imagines building miles of new concrete barriers and smart fences to separate 28 Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem from Jewish neighborhoods and Jewish settlements in the city.
Even a discussion of carving up Jerusalem can stir apocalyptic warnings — illustrating the explosive potential of floating plans to change a status quo in an ancient city to which three of the world’s major religions lay claim.
The plan would transform vast stretches of Jerusalem from a demographically divided but physically contiguous metropolis into an archipelago of sectarian cantons served by roads and tunnels designed for either Israelis or Palestinians.
“They will put us behind a wall and say that 200,000 Palestinian residents of Jerusalem need a special permit to visit al-Aqsa mosque? That is a religious war,” said Aziz Oubid, co-owner of an auto parts store in the Palestinian neighborhood of Issawiya just a few miles from the Old City.
“They can’t be that crazy,” he said.
Palestinians complain that the Herzog plan is impractical, radical and racist — that it amounts to the “collective punishment” of hundreds of thousands of Arabs for the actions of a few dozen assailants and would separate lifelong residents of Jerusalem, both Muslim and Christian, from their jobs, schools, hospitals and holy places.
“We are more than suspicious. Even talking like this increases the frustration, increases the anger,” said Darwish Darwish, the traditional leader, known as mukhtar, of the Issawiya neighborhood.
Darwish agreed that if the Palestinians someday were given their own state, his village would probably end up on the Palestinian side of a new border — and he said he supports that. What he doesn’t support is being pushed out of Jerusalem before he has a state.
“Herzog is telling Palestinians of East Jerusalem that we don’t give a damn about them,” said Daniel Seidemann, founder of Terrestrial Jerusalem, a group that tracks development in the city.
“The threat to Jewish Jerusalem isn’t the Palestinians,” Seidemann said. “It’s the occupation.”