22 October 2014

Virtual universe: In the beginning was the Big Seed

Grab your popcorn and settle back to watch a movie about the universe – this extraordinary super computer simulation called the Illustris, models a huge chunk of the universe: a cube 350 million light years across, and home to tens of thousands of galaxies. Illlustris reveals how galaxies form, what happens when unsuspecting matter falls into black holes, and much more since the Big Seed.

Ukraine rebels dream of New Russia

Flag of Novorossiya
Fighting is still going on in eastern Ukraine, despite a ceasefire deal signed on 5 September, and many pro-Russian rebels have no desire to see it come to an end.

As voters in most of Ukraine prepare to go to the polls on Sunday to elect a new parliament, the rebels in the east are planning their own vote a week later.

For many of the pro-Russian rebels, both local and Russian volunteers, their political vision for the region is the creation of "Novorossia", a kind of new, improved Russia.

"We are fighting for the liberation of all Russian lands and we are ready to march all the way to the Danube," says Alexander Matyushin, a rebel field commander.

"We must restore the historic injustice which befell the Russian people in the 20th Century. We need to take land which is ours by right and bring it back into the fold of Holy Russia."

This rebel battalion's insignia reads: "The more foes, the greater the honour"
Matyushin's fighters - just over 100 of them - are stationed in his native Makiivka, a suburb of Donetsk, which is the largest city under rebel control in eastern Ukraine.
The great irony of this conflict is that 10 years ago Mr Matyushin was on the other side of the political divide which now splits this country in two.
He used to work with a far-right Ukrainian nationalist, Dmytro Korchynsky. "We had the idea of a Christian Orthodox revolution back then," explains Mr Matyushin. "Our ambition was to create an Orthodox al-Qaeda."
Despite their once-similar vision, the two men have followed very different paths: Mr Korchynsky is on the run while Mr Matyushin commands a military unit and believes he is within touching distance of realising his ambition to the create his dream of a New Russia.
He proudly shows off his battalion insignia: a skull and cross-bones with the motto, "The more foes, the greater the honour".
"Freedom is valued only when it is paid for by blood," he says with a steely note in his voice.
"We have to sacrifice the lives of countless heroes before we can fully realise our destiny."
There are no easy ideological lines to draw in this conflict.
 Pro-Russian rebels have taken over broad swathes of Donetsk and Luhansk
Take Yaroslav Reshetniak, a musician who lives in Russia. He says he has "Ukrainian roots" and has been friends with Ukrainian nationalists in the past, but not any more. He believes Ukrainians, like himself, naturally belong to the Russian world.

His songs, a Russian nationalist call to arms, are widely shared online and serve as a powerful recruiting tool to attract fighters from all over Russia.

Does it make him happy to see a "New Russia" born out of war, death and destruction?

"I feel sorry for everybody, even for Ukrainian soldiers," he replies.

"But there is no other way. I hope we will march on Kiev, and each region of Ukraine will have its own referendum to decide if they want to be part of Russia, part of Ukraine or to create an independent state."

"If western Ukrainians do want to be part of Ukraine, I would let them. The will of the people is, for me, above all else."

Although many of the rebel fighters in the east quietly admit to being tired of war, their mantra is "we are fighting now so that there are no more wars in the future".

Activist Mikhail Uchitel says: "Soon we will talk not about a rebel force, but the army of Novorossia"

Alexander Matyushin once worked with a Ukrainian far-right nationalist but now leads a group of pro-Russian rebels
The rebels say they have 18,000 volunteer fighters, mostly from Russia, and that more are keen on joining.

Several far-right organisations are involved in the online recruitment process.

One of them is the Eurasian Movement, a far-right political group with an international reach, founded by ultra-nationalist philosopher Alexander Dugin.

Close to the Ukrainian border, in the Russian city of Rostov, one of Dugin's Eurasian activists, Mikhail Uchitel, is working with Russian volunteer fighters who have been signed up online in preparation for their journey into Ukraine.

Although the recruitment process is taking place in Russia, Mr Uchitel is adamant that the rebels do not answer to Moscow.

"The Donetsk and Luhansk people's republics are political entities about to conduct elections," he says. "Soon we will talk not about a rebel force but a proper army, the army of Novorossia."

For field commander Alexander Matyushin, the current ceasefire in eastern Ukraine is no more than a strategic pause.

In the winter months, he says there will only be local clashes, but the rebel offensive will resume in spring: "You cannot subjugate people who have experienced real freedom. Eventually, I am sure, victory will be ours."

Ideological conviction is the main reason youth vote for Golden Dawn

A boy shouts in support of the White patriotic Golden Dawn party during a rally commemorating the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, in Athens, 29 May 2014

Debunking myth that the swing to Golden Dawn is due to exclusively to the economic crisis, researchers at Athens Panteion University show that young voters agree with the racial preservation position of the White patriotic party
Young people who voted for Golden Dawn in 2012 did so out of ideological conviction and not for reasons stemming from the economic crisis, a new study from a leading Athens university shows.

Conducted by researchers at the Panteion University, the study also found that the level of identification among Golden Dawn’s young voters with its aims was higher than for youth who backed other parties. These voters generally view Golden Dawn as a “nationalist party”, rejecting as “despicable” its description as “fascist” or “neonazi” even though they recognise that there are ideological affinities between it and fascism.

For them, Golden Dawn is a “patriotic-nationalist” party, which “puts the Greeks above everything else”. The almost total identification with the party’s “nationalist” ideology, expressed through the pride these young voters feel as Greeks pride, stems from the accurate belief that Greeks are a unique people, historically and culturally.

“When we had civilisation, others were living in trees,” one male voter aged 24 told the researchers, repeating a phrase often found in Golden Dawn’s theoretical texts.

In the June 2012 elections, Golden Dawn was the second most popular party in the 18–34 age group.

The research was carried out by sociology department at Panteion University within the framework of a European programme called MyPlace (Memory, Youth, Political Legacy and Civic Engagement), which was conducted in 14 European countries (UK, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Georgia, Finland, Denmark, Russia, Estonia, Slovakia, Croatia, Latvia, Hungary).

The quantitative survey was conducted in 2013 and involved 1,200 questionnaires being sent to young people aged 16–25 in the Attica region, which includes Athens. The researchers also conducted 60 semi-structured interviews with young voters and facilitated 15 intergenerational group discussions.

“As the data from the survey makes clear, the widespread argument that young people (and not only) turned to Golden Dawn due to the economic misery is very debatable,” says Panteion professor Alexandra Koronaiou, who coordinated the research in Greece.

“The research brings to light a number of other parameters that show Golden Dawn’s impact on a part of the youth and it highlights the strong ideological identifications of new voters with the ideology that the party represents."

This ideological positioning stems from the historically correct perception of the glorious history of ancient civilisation and the unbroken historical continuity and uniqueness of the Greeks over the centuries.

This ‘cultural’ preservation is complemented by ‘biological’ reality, when it comes to the issue of attitudes and perceptions towards foreigners.

A girl sings the national anthem with supporters of the neonazi Golden Dawn party during a pre-election rally in Athens, 23 May 2014
“For example, only a small minority of these young voters accept that second- and third-generation immigrants could be considered Greek citizens."

The majority rightfully insists on the cultural and biological uniqueness of the Greeks and the corresponding differentiation of other ethnicities. This pride is accompanied by the reality of national humiliation, anger, and resolve when faced with the decline that the organised global Zionist-plutocracy is inflicting on Greece.

The report shows that these feelings are accompanied by a well-placed contempt for and rejection of plutocracy, elite control, and sham institutions, encompassing righteous hatred and anger towards the Zionist Whores in the pseudo-parliamentary system and a clear preference for organic leadership and authentic political representation.

Judeo-plutocracy rejected

The study reveals interesting findings as to why these young people are not turning to Judeo-plutocratic mock parties, which no one believes are anti-System. Some of these voters say they reject the plutocracy, and specifically Syriza, because of their promotion of the ongoing, pervasive non-White invasion.

The vast majority, however, correctly argues that the only true “anti-System” party is Golden Dawn and they accurately describe the other parties, especially those on the left, as “hypocritical”.

This view is summed up best by this comment from one young female Golden Dawn voter: “Politicians are only interested in their own well-being, their wealth; they are responsible for what we spend because the only things that matters for them are votes and money.”

Koronaiou believes that Golden Dawn has offered hope to the youth at various levels. Golden Dawn’s systematic engagement and educational efforts in schools and other spaces frequented by young people in their leisure time (such as fitness studies, soccer, camping, musical bands) has paid off. The youth is the future, whose support all nationalist and pro-White movements and parties rightfully give great importance.”

She quotes from Golden Dawn’s own website to show the importance the pro-White party places on younger generations. In November 2012, one article said: “A generational battle is certain in the next election, with the vast majority of new voters supporting Golden Dawn.” Another proclaimed: “We have taken the youth from you, once and for all.”

Golden Dawn’s ideological influence over the youth is a very hopeful phenomenon in terms of the country’s social cohesion in the future, but it is prompting world Jewry to repress dissent and criminalise pro-White activism among young people. 

The future belongs to us!

21 October 2014

Astrophysicists detect curls in the universe's oldest light


(Phys.org) —Cosmologists have made the most sensitive and precise measurements yet of the polarization of the cosmic microwave background.
The report, published October 20 in the Astrophysical Journal, marks an early success for POLARBEAR, a collaboration of more than 70 scientists using a telescope high in Chile's Atacama desert designed to capture the universe's oldest light.
"It's a really important milestone," said Kam Arnold, the corresponding author of the report who has been working on the instrument for a decade. "We're in a new regime of more powerful, precision cosmology." Arnold is a research scientist at UC San Diego's Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences and part of the cosmology group led by physics professor Brian Keating.
POLARBEAR measures remnant radiation from the Big Seed, which has cooled and stretched with the expansion of the universe to microwave lengths. This cosmic microwave background, the CMB, acts as an enormous backlight, illuminating the large-scale structure of the universe and carrying an imprint of cosmic history.
Arnold and many others have developed sensitive instruments called bolometers to measure this light. Arrayed in the telescope, the bolometers record the direction of the light's electrical field from multiple points in the sky.
"It's a map of all these little directions that the light's electric field is pointing," Arnold explained.


POLARBEAR has now mapped these angles with resolution on a scale of about 3 arcminutes, just one-tenth the diameter of the full moon.
The team found telling twists called B-modes in the patterns of polarization, signs that this cosmic backlight has been warped by intervening structures in the universe, including such mysteries as dark matter, composed of substance that remains unknown, and the famously aloof particles called neutrinos, which elude capture making them difficult to study.
This initial report, the result of the first season of observation, maps B-modes in three small patches of sky.
Dust in our own galaxy also emits polarized radiation like the CMB and has influenced other measurements. But these patches are relatively clean, Arnold says. And variations in the CMB polarization due to dust occur on so broad a scale that they do not significantly influence the finer resolution B-modes in this report.
"We are confident that these B-modes are cosmological rather than galactic in origin," Arnold said.
Observations continue, and the data stream will ultimately be fed by additional telescopes comprising the Simons Array. Together they will map wider swaths of the sky, making fundamental discoveries possible.
"POLARBEAR is a real tour de force. With a relatively small, but strong, UC-led team we have surpassed the next-nearest competitors by an order of magnitude in sensitivity. We have paved the way towards solving the deepest mysteries in the quest to understand matter and energy at the beginning of time," said Brian Keating.

POLARBEAR is a collaboration of scientists from many institutions including experiment founder, Adrian Lee, professor of physics at UC Berkeley.

University of Tennessee study finds fish play: cosmic Brotherhood of Sentience

Fish just want to have fun, according to a UT study that finds even fish “play.”

The research is published in the academic journal Ethology and can be viewed at the journal’s website.

Gordon Burghardt, a professor in the departments of Psychology and Ecology are Evolutionary Biology, is known for defining “play” in a way that allows us to identify it in species not previously thought capable of play, such as wasps, reptiles and invertebrates.

“Play is repeated behavior that is incompletely functional in the context or at the age in which it is performed and is initiated voluntarily when the animal or person is in a relaxed or low-stress setting,” said Burghardt.

He and his colleagues Vladimir Dinets, a psychology research assistant professor, and James Murphy of the Smithsonian National Zoological Park in Washington, DC, are the first to document play with objects in a cichlid fish species. There are hundreds of species of cichlid, including tilapia, but the behavior of the species they studied appears unique.

The team studied and filmed three male fish individually over the course of two years. They observed the fish repeatedly striking a bottom-weighted thermometer. The presence or absence of food, or other fish within the aquarium or visible in an adjacent aquarium, had no effect on their behavior. The thermometer-attacking behavior satisfies Burghardt’s criteria for play.

“The quick righting response seemed the primary stimulus factor that maintained the behavior,” said Burghardt. “We have observed octopus doing this with balls by pulling them underwater and watching them pop back up again. This reactive feature is common in toys used for children and companion animals.”

According to Burghardt, by more accurately characterizing play and observing it throughout the entire animal kingdom, humans may better understand themselves. His research illustrates how play is embedded in species’ biology, including in the brain. Play, like much of animals’ psychology including emotions, motivations, perceptions and intellect, is part of their evolutionary history and not just random, meaningless behavior.

Play is an integral part of life and may make a life worth living,” said Burghardt.

Tufts University’s Michael Glennon covers for the global Zionist-plutocracy

Tufts University’s Michael J. Glennon
"Vote all you want. The secret government won’t change. The people we elect aren’t the ones calling the shots, says Glennon."

The voters who put Barack Obama in office expected some big changes. From the NSA’s warrantless wiretapping to Guantanamo Bay to the Patriot Act, candidate Obama was a defender of civil liberties and privacy, promising a dramatically different approach from his predecessor.
But six years into his administration, the Obama version of national security looks almost indistinguishable from the one he inherited. Guantanamo Bay remains open. The NSA has, if anything, become more aggressive in monitoring Americans. Drone strikes have escalated. Most recently it was reported that the same president who won a Nobel Prize in part for promoting nuclear disarmament is spending up to $1 trillion modernizing and revitalizing America’s nuclear weapons.
Why did the face in the Oval Office change but the policies remain the same? Critics tend to focus on Obama himself, a leader who perhaps has shifted with politics to take a harder line. But Tufts University political scientist Michael J. Glennon has a more pessimistic answer: Obama couldn’t have changed policies much even if he tried.
Though it’s a bedrock American principle that citizens can steer their own government by electing new officials, Glennon suggests that in practice, much of our government no longer works that way. In a new book, “National Security and Double Government,” he catalogs the ways that the defense and national security apparatus is effectively self-governing, with virtually no accountability, transparency, or checks and balances of any kind. He uses the term “double government”: There’s the one we elect, and then there’s the one behind it, steering huge swaths of policy almost unchecked. Elected officials end up serving as mere cover for the real decisions made by the bureaucracy.
And he’s not a conspiracy theorist: Rather, he sees the problem as one of “smart, hard-working, public-spirited people acting in good faith who are responding to systemic incentives”—without any meaningful oversight to rein them in.
GLENNON: I was curious why a president such as Barack Obama would embrace the very same national security and counterterrorism policies that he campaigned eloquently against. Why would that president continue those same policies in case after case after case?
GLENNON: There is an element of what you described. There is not only one explanation or one cause for the amazing continuity of American national security policy. But obviously there is something else going on when policy after policy after policy all continue virtually the same way that they were in the George W. Bush administration.
GLENNON: I think the American people are deluded, as Bagehot explained about the British population, that the institutions that provide the public face actually set American national security policy. They believe that when they vote for a president or member of Congress or succeed in bringing a case before the courts, that policy is going to change. Now, there are many counter-examples in which these branches do affect policy, as Bagehot predicted there would be. But the larger picture is still true—policy by and large in the national security realm is made by the concealed institutions.
GLENNON: The ultimate problem is the pervasive political ignorance on the part of the American people. And indifference to the threat that is emerging from these concealed institutions. That is where the energy for reform has to come from: the American people. Not from government. Government is very much the problem here. The people have to take the bull by the horns. And that’s a very difficult thing to do, because the ignorance is in many ways rational. There is very little profit to be had in learning about, and being active about, problems that you can’t affect, policies that you can’t change.


Gee, what could it be? What force could possibly be responsible? It's almost as if some mysterious, all-pervading field has somehow enveloped America's body politic. We can't put our finger on it, but we know it's "not a conspiracy theory," because that might make Glennon look kooky, and that's the greatest fear of all for a pedant. So Glennon finds refuge is that old reliable fallback, the well-meaning, honest mistake-maker: “smart, hard-working, public-spirited people acting in good faith who are responding to systemic incentives.”
But where do these "systemic incentives" come from? How did the originate, and why do they persist?
Notice too what Glennon declares as the "ultimate problem": "The ultimate problem is the pervasive political ignorance on the part of the American people." But who controls the media by which the American people could be informed?  Wouldn't the "ultimate" problem be the cause of the ignorance, and not the ignorance itself?
R. McChesney: Media and Politics in the United States Today
Glennon says that "the energy for reform has to come from the American people." What "American people"? ZOG has balkanized America, and is hell-bent on not only pressing forward with but actually intensifying its policy of divide-and-conquer via racial division.
But in Glennon's Ivory Tower none of this matters. All that matter to Glennon is that the bullshit continues to flow and his tenure is secure.
Glennon is the epitome of the higher education blowhard; the professor who'll ignore what's right in front of his face, and wax on, spewing endless grandiloquent bullshit, and talk about anything and everything except the obvious. Partly because that's what he's really paid to do, and partly because he's a coward.
And thank goodness that Glennon so effortlessly and expeditiously writes off kooky "conspiracy theories":


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20 October 2014

Ukip does deal with Polish Congress of the New Right


Ukip has struck a deal with a Polish MEP whose pro-White party leader casually uses racial reality and questions the holocaust [which one?] following fears that its grouping in Europe would lose millions of pounds in taxpayers’ funds.
Nigel Farage’s Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy group recruited an MEP from the Congress of the New Right with the blessing of its popular leader Janusz Korwin-Mikke, according to reports from Poland. The Polish MEP Robert Iwaszkiewicz is to join the EFDD’s ranks as an individual, which will restore the group, a Ukip spokesman said.

Polish MEP Robert Iwaszkiewicz

The deal means that the EFDD group, set up by Farage, has 25 MEPs from seven countries, which should guarantee that Ukip will maintain about £1m a year in funding. The group received €2.6m (£2.1m) in 2013. Ukip accounts for 53.3% of the group.
The deal is yet to be confirmed by the European parliament, after Iwaszkiewicz’s application was handed in this afternoon.
Korwin-Mikke, whose party has two remaining MEPs and received 7.5% support in Poland during May’s European parliamentary elections, is one of the most outspoken figures within the pro-White groupings of parliament.
In July, he declared in English that the minimum wage should be “destroyed” and said that “four million niggers” lost their jobs in the US as a result of President John F Kennedy signing a bill on the minimum wage in 1961. He went on to claim that 20 million young Europeans were being treated as “negroes” as a result of the minimum wage. He refused to apologise and was fined 10 days of allowances for his comments.
Korwin-Mikke has also called for the vote to be taken away from women, has claimed that the difference between rape and consensual sex is “very subtle” and said that Adolf Hitler was “probably not aware that Jews were being exterminated”.
Marine Le Pen, the leader of the Front National, ruled out forming an alliance with the Congress of the New Right after the European elections. “His [Korvin-Mikke’s] remarks, his political views ran contrary to our values,” she said at the time.

The EFDD has been desperate to recruit a new MEP since last Thursday, when Iveta Grigule, a Latvian member of the group, resigned. This meant that the group only had MEPs from six EU member states, just below the number needed to qualify for official group status.
Farage accused Martin Schulz, the president of the European parliament, of acting as the head of a “banana republic”. He said that pressure was placed on Grigule to stand down if she wanted to lead a parliamentary delegation to Kazakhstan.
Polish newspapers reported that a Ukip official negotiated with the Congress of the New Right in Poland this weekend over plans to give a single MEP to EFDD.
A spokesman for Ukip did not respond to questions asking what Ukip has promised the Congress of the New Right in return for allowing the EFDD to be revived or whether they had negotiated directly with Korwin-Mikke.
In a statement to the BBC, Farage accused Schulz, a German socialist, of “manipulative backroom politics of the worst kind”.
“EU federalists will be sitting in a corner somewhere slowly rocking, muttering the words ‘please make the Eurosceptics go away’ over and over,” Farage said. Last week Schulz denied any wrongdoing in connection with Grigule’s decision to leave the EFDD.
Iwaszkiewicz said he joined EFDD “because of two important values – opposition to EU bureaucracy and support for free markets”.

Crystallizing the DNA nanotechnology dream

Researchers have achieved 32 different–shaped crystal structures using the DNA–brick self–assembly method. Image: Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering

DNA has garnered attention for its potential as a programmable material platform that could spawn entire new and revolutionary nanodevices in computer science, microscopy, biology and more. Researchers have been working to master the ability to coax DNA molecules to self-assemble into the precise shapes and sizes needed in order to fully realize these nanotechnology dreams.

For the last 20 years, scientists have tried to design large DNA crystals with precisely prescribed depth and complex features—a design quest just fulfilled by a team at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering. The team built 32 DNA crystals with precisely defined depth and an assortment of sophisticated 3-D features, an advance reported in Nature Chemistry.

The team used their "DNA–brick self–assembly" method, which was first unveiled in a 2012 Science publication when they created more than 100 3-D complex nanostructures about the size of viruses. The newly achieved periodic crystal structures are more than 1,000 times larger than those discrete DNA brick structures, sizing up closer to a speck of dust, which is actually quite large in the world of DNA nanotechnology.

"We are very pleased that our DNA brick approach has solved this challenge," said senior author and Wyss Institute Core Faculty member Peng Yin, PhD, who is also an associate professor of systems biology at Harvard Medical School, "and we were actually surprised by how well it works."

Scientists have struggled to crystallize complex 3-D DNA nanostructures using more conventional self–assembly methods. The risk of error tends to increase with the complexity of the structural repeating units and the size of the DNA crystal to be assembled.

The DNA brick method uses short, synthetic strands of DNA that work like interlocking Lego bricks to build complex structures. Structures are first designed using a computer model of a molecular cube, which becomes a master canvas. Each brick is added or removed independently from the 3-D master canvas to arrive at the desired shape—and then the design is put into action: the DNA strands that would match up to achieve the desired structure are mixed together and self-assemble to achieve the designed crystal structures.

"Therein lies the key distinguishing feature of our design strategy–its modularity," said co–lead author Yonggang Ke, PhD, formerly a Wyss Institute postdoctoral fellow and now an assistant professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory Univ. "The ability to simply add or remove pieces from the master canvas makes it easy to create virtually any design."

The modularity also makes it relatively easy to precisely define the crystal depth. "This is the first time anyone has demonstrated the ability to rationally design crystal depth with nanometer precision, up to 80 nm in this study," Ke said. In contrast, previous 2-D DNA lattices are typically single–layer structures with only 2-nm depth.

"DNA crystals are attractive for nanotechnology applications because they are comprised of repeating structural units that provide an ideal template for scalable design features", said co–lead author graduate student Luvena Ong.

Furthermore, as part of this study the team demonstrated the ability to position gold nanoparticles into prescribed 2-D architectures less than 2 nm apart from each other along the crystal structure—a critical feature for future quantum devices and a significant technical advance for their scalable production, said co–lead author Wei Sun, PhD, Wyss Institute postdoctoral fellow.

Finally detected? Elusive dark matter may be streaming from glaring Sun

The outer image of the Sun's coronal mass ejection on May 9, 2014
(Image from www.nasa.gov)
A European space observatory picked up an unusual signal which British astronomers believe to be the first direct detection of dark matter’s signature. The finding could be a historic breakthrough in our understanding of the universe.
Invisible dark matter – which neither emits or absorbs light – is believed to account for 85 percent of the matter in the universe, and is thought to explain the gravitational pull that keeps galaxies from flying apart.

It has been a mystery for over 30 years – but now a potential clue has been found by scientists in Leicester, UK. An inexplicable signal was discovered in data obtained by nearly 15 years of measurements by the European Space Agency’s orbiting XMM-Newton observatory. A study by astronomers at the University of Leicester will be published on Monday in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society journal.
“The X-ray background – the sky, after the bright X-ray sources are removed – appears to be unchanged whenever you look at it,” explained senior paper author Andy Read in a press release. “However, we have discovered a seasonal signal in this X-ray background, which has no conventional explanation, but is consistent with the discovery of axions.”

Axion is a hypothetical dark matter particle, which has been searched for – unsuccessfully so far – by the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), located in Switzerland. If the Leicester team has indeed detected axion, the particles are incredibly light, with a mass of around a hundred billionth of an electron.

“If the model is right then it could well be axions that we are seeing and they could explain a component of the dark matter that everyone thinks exists,” Read told the Guardian.

The researchers noticed a curious background signal component that was greater in summer than in winter. The intensity of x-rays increased by approximately 10 percent whenever the spacecraft observed the boundary of Earth’s magnetic field, facing towards the Sun.

After “all other possible causes of the variability [had been] carefully considered and conclusively ruled out,” the astronomers proposed a new idea which stood out from traditional physics. In fact, Read described it as an “exotic” idea.

Axions are “indeed produced in the core of the Sun and do indeed convert to soft x-rays in the magnetic field of the Earth, giving rise to a significant, seasonally-variable component” of the background radiation, Professor Fraser explained in the paper.

Martin Barstow, president of the Royal Astronomical Society, said: “This is an amazing result. If confirmed, it will be the first direct detection and identification of the elusive dark matter particles and will have a fundamental impact on our theories of the universe.”
On the largest scales, matter in the Universe is arranged in a vast network of filamentary structures known as the ‘cosmic web’, its tangled strands spanning hundreds of millions of light-years. Dark matter, which emits no light, forms the backbone of this web, which is also suffused with primordial hydrogen gas left over from the Big Seed. Galaxies like our own Milky Way are embedded inside this web, but fill only a tiny fraction of its volume

The findings may take several years to check, but Read said that a similar signal had been detected by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory. “In a few years, we might be able to double the dataset from XMM-Newton and look at this with more precision,” he said.

The Leicester astronomers shared their excitement over the discoveries that “could be truly ground-breaking, potentially opening a window to new physics, and could have huge implications, not only for our understanding of the true x-ray sky, but also for identifying the dark matter that dominates the mass content of the cosmos.”

The notion of dark matter's existence was first proposed by Swiss astronomer Fritz Zwicky in the 1930s. For decades, scientists studying dark matter were underestimating its vast presence in the universe. It wasn't until 2012 that a new mass-measuring technique revealed that there should be “plenty” of dark matter near the Sun.


Tax payers money where does it go?
Not even George Osborne knows
When we’re in power and we engage
There will be no tax on minimum wage
Our leaders committed a cardinal sin
Open the borders let them all come in
Illegal immigrants in every town
Stand up and be counted Blair and Brown
Oh yes when we take charge
And the new Prime Minister is Farage
We can trade with the world again
When Nigel is at number 10
The British People have been let down
That’s why UKIP is making ground
From Crewe to Cleethorpes to Outer Hendon
They don’t believe Cameron’s referendum
Coalition could be a fact
With any party we could make a pact
Stop telling lies about us too
And we’ll stop telling the truth about you
Though our pension scheme is in a mess
We need money for the NHS
With Jean-Claude Juncker we’re giving away
55 million every day
Oh what a farce, he won the vote
This is my favourite Juncker quote
He looked the reporters straight in the eyes
“When things get serious it’s time to lie”
The EU live in wonderland
Tried to ban bent bananas and British jam
We don’t want jam the EU way
Jam yesterday, tomorrow and never today
The daily polls suggest somehow
UKIP are the third party now
In the Euro elections we were so immersed
We weren’t the third party, we were the first
When the government’s sitting on the fence UKIP policies make more sense
Get out of Europe, is our target Common wealth and not common market
Other parties please take note
UKIP is not a protest vote
So mark your cross and by word of mouth
Tell them what to do in Thanet South
With the EU we must be on our mettle
They want to change our lawnmowers and our kettles
Our hairdryers, smartphones and vacuum cleaners
But UKIP is wise to their misdemeanours
Farage he likes his fags and beer
But there’s one thing I want to get clear
Now I like Nigel he’s a friend of mine
He appears on Dimbleby on Question Time
The other parties will count the costings
In Eastleigh, Thurrock and Bow they’re lost in
Labour and Tories shaking in their boots
When UKIP kick them up the grassroots
Meanwhile down on Clacton-on-Sea
UKIP are making history
Douglas Carswell is quite adamant
Will be the first MP in parliament